If the animal is bought jointly then the meat should be weighed and equally distributed. It should not be divided roughly because if it is divided un-equally then even if the person receiving less, forgives them it will not be forgiven as the right is as per Shariat [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar].
However, if the actual weighing is not practicable due to some reason, and all the partners agree to distribute the meat without weighing, distribution by guess can be done with the condition that each share necessarily contains meat from all parts.
It is allowed for a person who performs Qurbani (Waajib or Nafl), to either eat the flesh or to give it to whomsoever he pleases, rich or poor, Muslim or non-Muslim. Although the person offering a Qurbani can keep all its meat for his own use, yet, it is preferable to distribute one-third among the poor, another one-third among his relatives and then, keep the rest for his personal consumption.
The meat or skin cannot be given to an employee or to a butcher in payment of his labour. It may he given to them as a gift.
The skin of the Qurbani could be kept for one’s personal use or could be given to anybody else for their personal use. It could be used as a water bag, Musalla, etc.
The Qurbani skin cannot be given in lieu of any type of services. Thus, the skin cannot be given to an Imaam or Mu’azzin in lieu of their services.
If the skin is sold, the amount received for it cannot be used by oneself. It is Waajib to give it away as Sadaqah (charity) to the poor and needy.
It is not permissible for one to eat the meat of the following types of Qurbani:-
- Qurbani that is made as a Kaffaarah for a Jinaayat (error) committed during Haj.
- Qurbani performed for a deceased person due to his Wasiyyat, i.e. his instruction before his death.
- Qurbani performed due to a Nazr (vow) one had made.
The meat of the above-mentioned types of Qurbani has to be distributed to the poor and needy ONLY. The meat of Nafl (voluntary) Qurbani which one had made for the deceased can be eaten by all, similar to one’s own Qurbani.